Polish translation services

Polish translation services Diskusija offers

Diskusija provides its clients with professional Polish translation services. We only work with experienced native translators, who ensure your intended message is conveyed perfectly in the target language. For many years Polish has been in high demand among our clients, which has led us to form a large team of hand-picked Polish linguists, who provide quality translations supported by profound regional expertise.

Our Polish translation services primarily involve the language combinations listed below:

  • English to Polish
  • German to Polish
  • French to Polish

Don’t worry if you don’t see the language pair you need above. Ask us about any combination with Polish and we’ll work to find you the best possible solution.

Polish translation services

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About the Polish language

Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language (Western Slavic, Lechitic group), close to the Czech and Slovak languages. It is the official language of Poland and in 2004 became one of the official languages of the European Union.

There are approximately 40 million speakers of Polish worldwide. Polish is declared as a mother tongue by 97 percent of the population. Many Polish speakers are scattered around the world – significant minorities live in Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. In the United States there are around 667,000 Americans who speak Polish at home, and in Canada – approximately 240, 000.

It is the third most widely spoken Slavic language, after Russian and Ukrainian.

Modern language: alphabet, vocabulary, spelling, grammar

Polish uses a modified Latin alphabet with the use of diacritical marks. Single sounds, which are not represented by one letter in the Latin alphabet, are represented by digraphs, such as “sz”, “cz” and so on.

The language is close to other members of the West Slavic group – Czech and Slovak languages. Polish, Czech and Slovak speakers can understand one another.

Polish speakers mostly speak in a uniform manner, though there are several dialects which vary a little from standard Polish. There is a dispute around Kashubian (Cassubian) – is it a Polish dialect or an independent language? It is believed that Kashubian evolved as a separate Slavic language but most people call it a dialect of Polish.

Polish shares some Latin grammar and vocabulary. There are 3 tenses: past, present, future, 2 numbers: singular and plural, and 3 genders: masculine, feminine, neuter. There are no articles. Polish nouns, pronouns and adjectives have seven declensions.

Word order in Polish is “subject-verb-object”; however, it is possible to move words in the sentence, and to drop the subject, object or even sometimes verb, if they are obvious from the context.

History of the Polish language

The dawn of the Polish language is dated to the sixth century AD, when ancient Slavonic people migrated and settled in the territories of Eastern, Central and Southern Europe. As a result, three groups of Slavonic languages appeared: Eastern, Southern and Western, from which Polish together with the Czech and Slovak languages originated.

Polish began to emerge in the 10th century when several culturally and linguistically related tribes were united under one ruler and became a unified Polish state.

The dominance of Roman Catholicism is considered the main reason why Polish adopted the Latin alphabet that made it possible to write in Polish, which had earlier existed only as a spoken language.

The oldest surviving example of written Polish is dated to the 12th century – it contained 410 Polish names. Longer written texts in Polish started to appear in the 14th century. The first book in Polish was printed in 1475.

Modern Polish literature is believed to have developed around the 16th century.

Despite later occupations, Polish retained its purity and rich literature, though there is evidence of loanwords borrowed from medieval German, Czech, and Latin, and in more recent times, English and French. Some Polish words are borrowed from the Yiddish language, owing to the significant Jewish population that lived in Poland until World War II.

Poland has had a fairly close relationship with Russia throughout history, however only a few examples of direct borrowings from the Russian language exist.

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