Russian translation services

Russian translation services Diskusija offers

Diskusija is proud to offer fast, professional Russian translation services, provided by an elite team of expert Russian translators. Given our historical association with our geographical neighbour, Russian is one of our most requested languages, with a high number of projects handled on a daily basis. You can rest easy knowing your Russian translation projects are in the safest of hands, as we pick apart the subtleties of any text and make sure they are duly conveyed to the target audience.

Our most requested Russian translation combinations are:

  • English to Russian
  • German to Russian
  • French to Russian
  • Lithuanian to Russian

However, we also handle many other Russian translation combinations. Contact us to find out how we can help!

Russian translation services

Do you have a Russian project?

Let’s talk about it

About the Russian language

The Russian language (русский язык, russkiy yazyk) is a Slavic language of the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is one of three East Slavic languages – the others are Ukrainian and Belarusian. All three share many similarities. The language is spoken widely across Eurasia – it is the most geographically widespread language of this region.

Russian is the official language of the Russian Federation and Belarus, and is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. In Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, Russian is recognised as a second official language and many inhabitants of the former USSR republics speak Russian as their second or first language. It is estimated that there are around 280 million speakers of Russian in total. Of these, 164 million are native speakers.

World-renowned writers Dostoevsky and Tolstoy, as well as composer Prokofiev wrote in Russian.

Modern language: alphabet, vocabulary, spelling, grammar

Modern Russian has dialects, though linguists have not agreed on a strict classification. Some divide dialects in two groups – Southern and Northern. Others prefer to use three groups – they distinguish an additional Central group, where Moscow is located. Dialects differ in grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation.

Modern written Russian uses a modified version of the Cyrillic alphabet, which is based on the alphabet developed by Byzantine missionaries in the ninth century. The modern Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters.

In the computer and Internet environment, Russian is often transliterated using the Latin alphabet.

Russian spelling is mostly phonemic – usually one letter represents one sound. But pronunciation can be difficult for foreigners as stress in Russian is free – it can be placed on any syllable. There is no strict accentual system, so pronunciation and word stress of words has to be learned individually. This is important because many Russian words vary in meaning depending on where the accent is placed.

Russian has inherited and preserved a highly inflectional Indo-European structure. Nouns have three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter), and can be singular and plural. There are six declensions. There are no definite or indefinite articles. Adjectives agree with the nouns they describe in number, gender and case. The basic word order of sentences is “subject-verb-object”, but this can be changed quite freely and still be grammatically correct. An interesting aspect of Russian grammar is that verbs have only three tenses: past, present and future. Instead of relying on tenses, the Russian language also makes use of aspect – a verbal categorisation which conveys whether or not an action has been completed.

There is a certain structure for addressing strangers in a formal manner. This involves a person’s name followed by his or her father’s name with the added “-ovich” (for male) “-ovna” (for female). For example, if women’s name is Olga and her father’s – Vladimir, the formal address would be Olga Vladimirovna.

History of the Russian language

Slavic languages began differentiating from 6th century AD when Slav people migrated. By the 10th century AD, Western, Southern and Eastern Slavic languages had formed. Eastern Slavic was spoken in the territories of present-day Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. These were unified under Kievan Rus at the end of the 9th century. This established Old East Slavic as a commercial and literary language.

With Christianity, South Slavic Old Church Slavonic was introduced as the liturgical and official language at the end of the 10th century.

Differentiation of the Eastern Slavic language accelerated after the breakup of Kievan Rus in approximately 1100 AD. Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian became more distinct languages around the 13th century.

The official language in Novgorod and Moscow until the 17th century was Church Slavonic, which developed from Old Church Slavonic. After the 17th century, the usage of Church Slavonic shrank drastically and was limited to only liturgical and biblical texts.

In the middle of the 18th century, in an attempt to standardise the written language, M.V.Lomonosov developed three distinct styles of Russian: High, Middle and Low. High style was used for poetry and religion and referred to as Old Church Slavonic. Middle was meant for science texts, prose, and Low style was used for personal correspondence.

Russian writer Alexander Pushkin contributed to efforts to move the Russian language away from Old Church Slavonic and develop a distinct Russian literary language in the late 18th and beginning of the 19th century. He rejected archaic grammar and vocabulary and used grammar and vocabulary of the spoken language.

More reforms to simplify the language were implemented after the revolution in 1917, when Russian assumed the modern form as we know it today.

Need a quote for a Russian project?

Submit a request