Romanian translation services

Romanian translation services Diskusija offers

Diskusija provides professional Romanian translation services. 

At Diskusija, we pride ourselves on upholding the highest professional standards and only working with the very best linguists. In trusting Diskusija, you gain access to a specialised Romanian translation team capable of delivering projects involving any subject matter to your target audience. Our company specializes in Central and Eastern European languages, and our far-reaching experience in this area allows us to offer comprehensive regional insights.

Most of our Romanian translation requests are for:

  • English to Romanian
  • German to Romanian
  • French to Romanian

Not quite what you were looking for? Let us know if you need translation between Romanian and any other language.

Romanian translation services

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About the Romanian language

The Romanian language (or Daco-Romanian; in Romanian: română, limba română) is classified as a Romance language in the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family. There are around 22 million native Romanian speakers in Romania. It is estimated that in total there are 24-28 million speakers of Romanian (with all four of its dialects) worldwide.

It is the official language of Romania, and one of the official languages of the EU. Romanian also has official status in some surrounding countries or their territories: Republic of Moldova, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina in Serbia and in the autonomous Mount Athos in Greece.

There are still discussions about the language, which is spoken in Moldova. While most linguists agree it is Romanian (or Daco-Romanian) and that it is the same as Moldovan, Moldovan people insist on claiming it as distinct from Romanian and call it Moldovan.

Romanian is a unique language because of its isolation from other Romance languages. Surrounded by countries with Slavic languages, Romanian developed distinct characteristics. It derived primarily from a particular Latin language that was spoken in the Roman province Dacia – a territory in modern Romania. Native Dacian people spoke in the Dacian language but it did not survive - little is known about it today.

Modern language: alphabet, vocabulary, spelling, grammar

Contemporary written Romanian is based on the Latin alphabet with 5 additional letters: Ă, Â, Î, Ș, Ț.

Daco-Romanian is now one of the four primary dialects of the Romanian language. The other three are Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian. These dialects are not easily mutually intelligible. The differences are so substantial that some linguists even classify Megleno-Romanian, Istro-Romanian, and Aromanian as distinct languages separate from the standard Daco-Romanian.

Aromanian, which is also known as Macedo-Romanian, is spoken in communities in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Serbia, Albania, and Greece. Megleno-Romanian is spoken in areas of northern Greece; Istro-Romanian is spoken exclusively on Croatia’s Istrian Peninsula. Both of them are near extinction.

While the Daco-Romanian language is quite uniform, the differences in the language which is spoken throughout Romania and Moldova are very small. It is considered as one of the most uniform languages in Europe.

There is still obvious evidence of the influence of Slavic languages in Romanian vocabulary. Turkish, Hungarian and Albanian loanwords are also quite common, but quite a significant part of modern vocabulary is of French and Italian origin. By some estimates, words with origins in French and Italian comprise around 38% of Romanian words. These are increasingly pushing out Slavic loanwords.

Because of its isolation from other Romance languages, Romanian has developed a very distinct phonology and grammar system. Romanian is the only Romance language where definite articles are attached to the end of the noun, as in North Germanic languages, instead of in front. Romanian nouns have three genders: feminine, masculine, and neuter, and are declined by two numbers and three cases: nominative/accusative, dative/genitive and vocative. The articles, as well as most adjectives and pronouns, agree in gender, number and case with the noun they reference.

Romanian verbs are highly inflected for person, number, tense, mood, voice. The usual word order in sentences is “subject-verb-object”.

History of the Romanian language

Around 106 AD, the Romans invaded Dacia and incorporated it into the Roman Empire. During colonisation, Vulgar Latin was used as the language of administration and commerce.

In the third century, the Roman Empire was forced to withdraw from Dacia because of pressure from free Dacians and Goths. However, the Latin language was left and prevailed in Dacia. But it is considered that during adoption, ancient Dacian influenced the Latin language heavily, creating a unique Dacian dialect, which later became the Daco-Romanian language.

Between the seventh and tenth centuries, the Dacia area came under the influence of the Byzantine Empire. This was the period of Slavic, and to some extent, Greek language influence.

The oldest example of Daco-Romanian text is dated to 1521. It is a letter to the Mayor of Braşov and is written in the Cyrillic alphabet, similar to that used for Old Church Slavonic. That alphabet was used in Moldova and Walachia until the middle of the 19th century. From the 16th to the late 18th century, the Latin alphabet with Hungarian spelling conventions was used in Transylvania. After that period, a spelling system based on Italian was adopted.

An intermediate alphabet was used during the transition from Cyrillic to Latin.

A version of Cyrillic was still used until the late 1980s in Moldova, which was then a Soviet Republic. After that Moldovans switched to the Romanian version of the Latin alphabet.

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